Chapter No. 25 The Muslim Scientists

1424 years ago, the whole earth was under the dark cover of ignorance. There was anarchy everywhere. There can be no worse instance of ignorance and cruelty than this that the parents used to kill their off-springs. Vulgarity was common. When the quarrels and bloodshed on earth crossed all the limits and the crown of creation, forgetting his status of humanity and of the representation of Allah on earth, became brutal, Allah revealed to his beloved man Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) to pacify the earth. This selected, respectable and pious man of Allah disclosed the most unusual, wondrous, finite and infinite signs of Allah in such a marvellous way that the reality about heaven and earth was dawned upon the Arabs in the very early days.

Quran says

"Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day,- there are indeed Signs for men of understanding,- Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the [wonders of] creation in the heavens and the earth, [With the thought]: "Our Lord! not for aught Hast Thou created [all] this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire."

(Surah Al-e-Imran: Verse 190-91)

.         "Do they not look at the sky above them?- How We have made it and adorned it, and there are no flaws in it? And the earth- We

have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and produced therein every kind of beautiful growth [in pairs]- To be observed and commemorated by every devotee turning [to Allah]."

(Surah Qaf: Verse 6-8)



When the Muslims had gird up their loins in the search of knowledge, they spared no discipline from their research. Their research bears lessons and advice for the whole Muslim Ummah. The libraries of the Eastern countries are replete with the books of Muslim scholars. They are the intellectual Muslims who spread knowledge through their research. Muslims brought about the knowledge in the world at the time when ignorance was prevalent all around. There were Sufis and scientists among the thinkers and researchers who were experts of the latent knowledge. Today the Muslims are empty-handed. It is because we have done away with thinking , research and meditation over Allah's sign's on a nation.


Abdul Malik Asmai

Abdul Malik Asmai did his research on Mathematics, Biology, Botany, man's birth and evolution. Abdul Malik Asmai is the founder of science. Before him, we find no existence of scientific knowledge in the whole history.


Jabar Bin Hayan

The translations of Jabar Bin Hayan's books have been taught in various universities of Europe till the 15th century. This scientist invented the method of making the cloth water proof, saving the iron form getting rusty and painting the mirror glass.


Muhammad Bin MusaAI-Kharizmi

Muhammad Bin Musa Al-Kharizmi enhanced the value of the digits by adding 'cipher' (Zero). He drew maps of the earth and did research in geography.


Ali lbn-e-Sohail Raban-al-Tibri

Ali Ibn-e-Sohail Raban-al-Tibri wrote a complete book in the nameof Firdos-ul-Kikmat,


Yaqoob Bin lshaq AI-Kundi

Yaqoob Bin Ishaq Al-Kundi was expert m Astrology, Chemistry, Music and Physics.


AbuI Qasim Abbas Bin Farmas

Abul Qasim Abbas Bin Farmas kept experimenting on flying in the air and his efforts proved fore-runners of making aero­ planes. He also invented sun-clock or solar-clock.


Saibit lbn-e-Qart

Sabit Ibn-e-Qart invented levers and gears. If there had not been levers and gears, we would not be able to invent new things with the help of big machines.


Abu Bakar Muhammad Bin Zakarya AI-Razi

Abu Bakar Muhammad Bin Zakarya Al-Razi was expert in surgery. He invented the method of stitching the skin after operation.


Abu AI-Nasar Alfarabi

Abu Al-Nasar Al farabi had invented an instrument of music whose listener would sometime slept, wept and laughed.


AbuI Hassan AI-Masoodi

Abul Hassan Al-Masoodi was the very first person who told about the presence of ocean and earth in place of each other at the time when there was no tool for measurement.



Ibne-e-Sina was master of the medical science. He made the map of Physiology and made the pictures of every part separately. In the present day Medical Science, the book "Anatomy" is the translation of his written book.

 Ibn-e-Sina invented the instrument for measuring the body temperature which is present even today in the form of Thermometer.

There are some other scientists also, apart from the above mentioned, who founded the scientific knowledge after research and efforts.


Shah Wali-Ullah

Shah Abdul Aziz's father translated the Holy Quran into Persian first of all. He uncovered the latent. He researched on Universal System and told that there was a body of light (Noor) with every human being. The deprived and declining nation paid for his services by plotting murder against. When science became popular and when it introduced AURA, God forbid, the nation accepted it acknowledging Divine Scripture (Sahifa)


Baba Tajud-din-Nagpuri

Baba Tajud-din-Nagpuri told that man's sight had great vastness. The sun is 90 million miles away from earth. When we could see the sun, it means that the far off things could be seen without any device and without the knowledge of the Sight. He told that in the universe, every creature had a relation with other, every particle was attached with the other and when living organisms came together, they formed life.


Shah AbduI Aziz Mohaddis Dehlvi

The life experiences of Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlvi let us know that we can see the invisible creature; the ghosts. We can befriend them and take benefit of their services.


Mohayyudin lbn-e-Arabi

Sheikh Ibne Arabi told that it was possible for men to see the spirits talk to them, visit the heavenly, world with their help and know the mysteries of the universe.


Qalandar Baba Aoliya

The great spiritual scientist Qalandar Baba Aoliya uncovered the reality of dreams. He revealed that man's half life is spent while awake and half while asleep. Both the parts are fed by spirits. Qalandar Baba Aoliya says,

"Spirit is the combination of Divine Lustre, Light and Shine." God has enabled the spirits to form " nasma". When divine light dominates nasma, the angels are created. When light shines in nasma, it generates spirits and human beings. This formula works in the creation of human beings and the spirits that both the creatures keep on exchanging in appearance and latent. The exchange in the latent is the life of dreams and the shifting from latent to appearance is reality. It means both the worlds of dreams and reality consist in sense. Constant and regular active information contributes to information. When this information descends, it forms such atoms   as space and when this information ascends, it forms such atoms as create the heavenly creatures.


Quranic Theory

Before the Arabs, there was no contribution to science in China, India, Japan, Egypt, even the whole Asia, Europe and America. However, the science was present in Greece to certain limit. The conversion to scientific research and new inventions is the result of the teachings of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). After the revelation of the Holy Quran when the Arab Land shone with knowledge, there was no civilization and culture in the West. The Russians drank in the human skulls. The Holy Prophet revolutionized the life of the Arab Bedouin.

The Muslims conquered more than the half of the world acting upon the glorious knowledge and teachings of the Holy Quran. The empires of Qaisar-o-Kisra fell at the mercy of the Muslims. The enlightened Muslims revolutionized the world and introduced the world to a new civilization and culture.



The translation of books written by the Muslim writers in the light of Islamic theory were appreciated so much in Europe that new universities were established there. The books and various sciences like Astrology and Mathematics remained in their syllabus for four centuries. The Europe historians acknowledge that there were no Muslims, the European world have been devoid of knowledge. The Muslims started declining knowledge wise after 5th and 6th Hijra century. The Muslim ummah abandoned the Islamic research and contemplation which brought about the Muslims' detachment with Quranic enlightenment and wisdom. The Muslims shun the contemplation. They neglected the very light of economic, social and spiritual life caused by the Quranic knowledge. They ignored the conquest of the universe which is a complete and 3rd comprehensive advice of Quran. They turned their backs to it and Islamic world lost the sense given by Islam 14th centuries ago when a nation discards contemplation. Research and search, insight and wisdom. It is deprived of light and reasoning and then it is divided into seets and groups and gets entirely disintegrated.


A Conspiracy against Spiritualism

Like other matters, the hypocrites and conspiring figures kept meddling with Spiritual process and attracted the people to revelation and wonders. This process was given air in such a way that made the people believe that Spiritualism was nothing other than revelation and wonders. The other thing propagated against reality was that the conquest of the universe or acquiring spiritualism meant only to abandon the world. It resulted in the Muslims' going away from research and leaving the place to the non-Muslims who made great progress in the universal knowledge. In the present world every one knows that the happenings described as wonders a century ago, are now commonly believed under the scientific system. Now the quotation of seeing a saint at certain 5 or 7 places seems absurdity only. If Quranic teachings are comprehended in the material sense, many misunderstandings appear in its meaning and comprehension. Therefore our religious scholars do not agree upon the translations of the Holy Quran given even by themselves. Every explanation is a new document of new rules and meanings. Quranic words are sage because Allah Himself has taken the responsibility of its safety.


The Secret of External Life

The Sufis' teachings tell us that man dies every moment and this moment's death becomes the fore cause of next moment's death. A little amount of contemplation reveals to us that all efforts of life as deeds, knowledge, comprehension or morality are the matters till the grave. If man comprehends the distinction between life and eternal-being, he finds the secret of eternal life in this world.

It is obvious that the human beings of the present times have lost in the material world so much so that pleasures. You may find many using the name of when there are few belief holders then who will ask for belief.


Today's Man

Today's man considers the present scientific progress n the absolute sense. This is a strayed thinking because Quran tells that man's progress in Hazrat Suleiman’s time was so great that a person who was not a prophet shifted a crown in material form within the time of an eye-wink from a distance of 1500 miles. The intellectuals have disappointed since the past centuries. They never stirred the man's thinking and never told about the science an account of which the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) went on Meraj without any source.



Man is made from light. All his senses rest on electrons. If man becomes familiar with his inner electricity, he can shift any material thing anywhere at will. Science consists in speculation. The result depends on the functioning of speculation. Any theory based on speculation can stand with

·        other theories for a short time and then dies away. All the prescribed methods of the people have failed in one way or the other. All the systems of wisdom except Oneness of Allah have either died out with their followers or are dying out gradually. Today's generation is more disappointed than the past generations and the next generation would be even more desperate.


Thinkers and Global Nations

The stipendiary of different nations and countries are different and it is impossible that the physical stipendiary of all human beings is the same. There are only spiritual stipendiary common among the whole human race. If the thinkers of the world succeed in correcting the wrong interpretations of the stipendiary they can unite the global nations under one flag.

Allah say's;

"We have indeed created man in the best of moulds."

(Surah At-Teen: Verse 4)

Man is superior among the creatures because of his ability of knowing the hidden sciences, understanding them and making use of them. The scientific inventions of the past centuries or of the present time, both are the demonstrations of the use of the latent faculties.


Creative Formulae

Sufism reveals that everything on earth is covered with light and in this cover of light the quantities are functioning. When man contemplates over something awakening his hidden faculties, he is revealed to the powers lying within the thing. The present scientific progress consists in the same principle. The more the scientists contemplated the more destructive and constructive forces found within the objects were revealed to them. Scientists are of the view that all the objects whether in liquid, gas or solid form are made of atoms and atom itself chiefly consists of space. In some objects all the atoms are same. They are called elements which include the natural elements like hydrogen, carbon, iron, gold, lead, platinum and uranium. Apart from elements, in compounds different elements are absorbed and interwoven with each other. The mutual absorption of the elements makes a whole.



Atom is a Greek word which means an undividable object. In the Greek language, 'tom' means 'to divide'. In Aryan languages, "" is a negative speech. Atom name has been given by a scientist name wemqrat.

Wemqrat had put forward a theory that every object in the world was made up of the smallest undividable particles called Atom. The size of one Atom is 2.5 crorth part of an inch. It means millions of atoms can be put on the point of a needle. The atoms of the light objects are light and heavy of the heavy objects. Including man all animal's spirit is the compound of atoms. The atoms of the spirits are smaller and thinner those that of other objects. About death Wemqrat was of the view that when all atoms excluded from the body, death took place. In this condition, even a single atom of the spirit does not semin in the body as should bring the excluded atoms back.

Therefore after the exclusion of the sprit, man does not remain alive.

Matter and Energy

Research and experiments have proved that matter and energy both are two forms of the same thing. All the particles discovered till today have become before in form of energy. These particles ultimately produce energy after the division and disintegration into the basic particles. What are the grounds of the detailed information about molecule or the basic particles invisible so far? In response to the above question scientists maintain that in the light of the impression and special demonstration obtained as a result of experiment, the basic knowledge about the atoms and its particles have been gathered. For example the vision as the T.V screen is blue to flow of the electron beam whenever this beam is not visible. In such experiments when an atom is brought under the influence of same external force or says this influence on the atom particles can be seen on a screen. This visible response on the screen is in the form of dots or twinkling of light. In this way the properties of the particles are known.


Sheaths of Divine-Light

The people holding the authorities nested by god. That best creator, determine light (Noor) in the creation of the universe. They call the flow of light(Noor) and shine the movement of the universe the biggest region in the universe or the smallest particle (Atom) are covered with the sheath of divine-height and the whole world consists in the quantities of every particle and element but these ratios are different. Every quantity is interwoven with each other. If on one side these quantities have relations but on the other hand they are divergent too.

Allah says in the Holy Quran:

"And whatsoever He hath created for you in the earth of divers hues, lo! therein is indeed a portent for people who take heed."

(Surah Nahal: Verse 13)


"Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth."

(Surah Noor: Verse 35)


"Not an atom's weight, or less than that or greater, escape the Him in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear Record."

(Surah Saba: Verse 3)


Allah also says:

"Say [unto them, O Muhammad]: He who knoweth the secret of the heavens and the earth hath revealed it."

(Surah Furqan: Verse 6)

It means that each and every partiicle of the universe, every atom and molecule is in His knowledge.


The Fixed Quantities

Allah says:

"Glorify the name of thy Guardian-Lord Most High, Who hath created, and further, given order and proportion; Who hath ordained laws. And granted guidance."

(Surah Aalah: Verse 1-3)

It means that Allah has made everything with fixed quantities (atoms) and these fixed quantities are in fact the faculties working inward and outward of the thing which is existing in the patronage of a force under some prescribed principles and morns. The biggest heavenly bodies. The most ordinary atom. The inner shield or parts of atom. Electron, proton. And neutrons are before the very eyes of that only force.

Allah says in the Holy Quran:

"Praise be to Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. His is the praise in the Hereafter, and He is the Wise, the Aware. He knoweth that which goeth into the earth and that which cometh forth from it, and that descendeth from the heaven and that which ascendeth

'         into it. He is the Merciful, the Forgiving. Those who disbelieve say: The Hour will never come unto us. Say: Nay, by my Lord, but it is coining unto you surely. [He is] the Knower of the Unseen. Not an atom's weight, or less than that or greater, escapeth Him in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear Record (Quran)."

(Surah Saba: Versel-3)


Particles are of 3 types

·        In this section of chapter saba 3 types of particles have been mentioned:

I.        Particle of the size of a rati (1/8 part of masha)

II.       Smaller than this

III.      Even smaller

In the creation 3 types of particles are found:

The inner parts of atom 1 and 2 and compounds of the 3rd atom. "Misqala zarrah" means equal to ratti in weight which proves the existence of weight. All of us know that ratti means the smallest weight. Equal to particle means of some weight or fixed quantities. As atom is unit with electron, proton and neutron in it, therefore it has both quantity and weight.

1.      The smaller ones mean the alpha, gamma and beta rays excluding from electron, proton and neutron and centre of the atoms.

2.      The bigger than atom mean the smallest and the biggest particles discovered till doom's day.


A net of light

By contemplating on the Quran means visionary sight gets enabled to see the net of light in the unit of Atom. A Sufi knows that the Creator of atom, its internal parts and heaven and earth is the same and He is the master of the whole universe. He has created the universal system under a discipline and has given existence to the objects with determined quantities. This knowledge of the quantities comes to that person who according to Allah's saying:

 "As for those who strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths."

(Surah Ankabut: Verse 69) In Quran there is mentioning of iron.

"And We sent down Iron, in which is [material for] mighty war, as well as many benefits for mankind."

(Surah Hadid: Verse 35)



The individual who has learnt Sufism under the supervision of his leader when learns these quantities working in the creation of the objects he can come to know the reality by decreasing or increasing these quantities. This knowledge of quantities refers to the presence of such quantities in metal, lead as can overcome the force of atom.


A net of waves

The universe is being fed by the four canals or energies. These canals are;

1.      Tasweed

2.      Tajreed

3.      Tasheed

4.      Tazheer

Uranium and lead both the metals are fed by tasweedi canals. There is such a sheath of waves over lead. If it is discovered, the world can escape the destruction of the atom.

Allah says:

"And hath made of service unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; it is all from Him."

(Surah Jasia: Verse 13)

It means that whenever man contemplates over anything present in the heavens and earth, the quantities working within the thing are revealed to him. In short, atom is a compound of quantities and these quantities are the unit of matter. Every unit of matter is covered with the sheath of light (Noor).The light is supposed to travel at the speed of 186282 miles per second. The speed of the noorani waves is thousand times greater than that of the light. Noor and light is net compound and individual waves over which these in the smallest and the largest particle. When a Sufi enters Noor from mere light, the unspeakable energy in the smallest particle is revealed to him.

In the present day scientists progress. Individual thinking and maters gains are working. Therefore this whole progress has brought about worry and restlessness for man. If the same progress is made following the prophetic lines, it will bring about comfort and satisfaction for human race. At present this craze of progress has led man to the verge of destruction. If it is not checked properly, the world would come to an end at any time. The objects with existence are sure to be used,

Sufi and Scientist

The difference between the present time Sufi and the scientist is that the scientist prefers his interests while Sufi's work is dedicated to the creature. The ability of understanding the universe is known as mugheebat-e-akwan in Sufism. The Sufi men and women with the ability of mugheebat-e-akwan have such an insight that they can see the past events happened thousands of years ago and foresee the events going to happen in the coining thousands of years and get awareness to all the details of these events.



Many a scholar has written a lot about spiritualism and pantheism. One school of thought is of the view that as saints often used to wear wooly dresses therefore people would call them sufis. Wool is called sauf in Arabic. They used to wear such a dress, for it had been the habit of many a prophet, saints and pious people. According to some people, as they have been associated with the Ashaab-e-suffa that is why they are called sufis; whereas according to yet another school of thought the word sufi is linked with suf a.... but all these explanations are not satisfactory.

In fact, the terminological meaning of Sufi'ism (tasawaf) is self­ cleansing. It is the name of a true spirit that is related to conscience and the light of conscience is always inherent. A sufi always thinks in the context of Allah. His talk moves around Allah. He lives with Allah and dies in the name of Allah. He recites His words and always praises Him and remains enmeshed in His love. He sacrifices everything in order to see and meet Allah.