Joshua is not mentioned in the holy Quran by name though a young companion of Moses is mentioned at two places. Abi son of Kaab relating a saying of the holy Prophet (PBUH) stated that the name of that companion was Joshua. People of the Book agree that he was a prophet of God. He was in the linage of Joseph and was the chief of his tribe. He assisted Moses in his life and was appointed prophet in his place after his death.
Moses had given him many important tasks in his life. When Moses sent the chiefs of twelve tribes to go and ﬁnd out the situation in Canaan that was under the rule of very cruel, cunning and strong inﬁdels, Joshua and his companion Caleb were members of that delegation. And, when Moses told the people of Israel to ﬁght with the inﬁdels and they refused fearing their might and strength, it was they who encouraged them and advised them to ﬁght in the cause of God with bravery and courage.
But among their God-fearing men were two on whom God had bestowed His grace: They said: "Assault them at the proper Gate: when once ye are in, victory will be yours; But on God put your trust if ye have faith."
(S: 5,V: 23)
Joshua accompanied Moses almost on every important errand. When Moses went to see Khizar, Joshua was with him in the journey too. Quran tells us:
When they had passed on some distance, Moses said to his attendant: "Bring us our early meal; truly we have suffered much fatigue at this stage of our journey."
He replied: "See thou what happened when we betook Ourselves to the rock? I did indeed forget about the Fish: none but Satan made me forget to tell you about it: it took its course through the sea in a marvelous way!"
Moses said: "That was what we were seeking after: " So they Went back on their footsteps, following the path they had come. So they found one of Our servants, on whom We had bestowed Mercy from Ourselves and whom We had taught knowledge from Our own Presence.
(S: 18,V: 60-65)
Joshua was selected to be the successor of Moses in his life.
And the Lord said unto Moses, take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit and lay thy hand upon him; and set him before Eleazar the priest and before all the congregation and give him a charge in their sight and thou shall put some of your honor upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient to him.
(Book of Numbers: Ch: 27, 18-20)
When the people of Israel were in the wilderness of Sinai and they faced the strong and powerful people of Amelekas for the first time, Moses appointed Joshua the general of the Israeli army and he himself went up to the top of the nearby hill with Aaron and stood there holding his staff in his hand. Joshua defeated Amelekas in that battle.
Before his death, Moses was commanded to come in to the tent of congregation along with Joshua. There the Light of God appeared and the future of the people of Israel was revealed and after giving the ﬁnal instructions concerning the teaching of Moses, according to Old Testament, Joshua was directly addressed:
And He gave Joshua the son of Nun a charge and said, be strong and of a good courage; for thou shall bring the children of Israel into the Land, which I swore unto them and I will be with thee.
(Book of Deuteronomy Ch: 31, 23)
That was the time when the cruel inﬁdels trod the holy land and the punishment period of Israelis was about to over. God wanted them to finish their exile and enter the holy land. Moses prepared an army of the Israelis but he died before the battle could start. God commanded Joshua saying:
Moses My servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan thou and all the people unto the land, which I do give to, them even to the children of Israel.
Joshua told the message of God to people of Israel and the army of Israel went towards the holy Land from Sinai and conquered Canaan and Jerusalem.
The Ark of Covenant was with the people of Israel in this battle.
And further their Prophet said to them: "A Sign of His authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the Covenant, with an assurance therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you, if ye indeed have faith."
(S: 2, v: 248)
This box was made of shittim wood, two and a half cubit long and one and a half cubit was it height and width. It was covered with plates of gold in the outside and the inside. It had four handles of gold for it’s lifting. Book of Torah was placed in it wrapped in golden brocade. When manna was given to the people of Israel, Moses had put some in a jar to remember the blessing Of God: after the death of Aaron, his overcoat and after the death of Moses, his staff was also placed in that box.
Joshua was commanded to compass the city, going around it with the Ark of Covenant and trumpeting the seven horns of rams for seven day, seven times daily. On the seventh day when the seventh round completed and the seven horns were trumpeted and the army shouted with one voice, the wall of the city fell ﬂat on the ground and the army entered the city.
Before the conquest of the city, Israelis were told to enter the city in all their humbleness praising the Lord but they entered the city shouting like mad men and shouting slogans proudly. For this they were accursed and God inﬂicted His punishment upon them.
And remember it was said to them. ”Dwell in this town and eat therein as ye wish, but say the word of humility and enter the gate in a posture of humility: We shall forgive you your faults; We shall increase the portion of those who do good.” But the transgressors among them changed the word from that which had been given them so we sent on them a plague from heaven. For that they repeatedly transgressed.
(S: 7,V: 161-162)
When Israelis, led by Joshua, one after the other conquest, entered Gibeon, the ruler of Jerusalem collaborated with four other states and formed a combined army so that the advent of Israelis could be stopped. He besieged Gibeon. After a bloody battle they all were defeated and when these were retreating from the battleﬁeld, storm of hailstones killed them all that were ﬂeeing. Joshua said, “Sun stand thou still upon Gibeon and thou Moon in the valley of Ajalon. And the sun stood still and the moon stayed until the people had avenged themselves upon the enemies.”
(Book of Joshua Ch: 10, 12-13)
During the mission of spreading the word of God Joshua defeated 31 rulers. He divided the territory of Palestine among the tribes of Israel and appointed chiefs and ministers and judges to administer the affairs of the state.
Before his death Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel at Shechem and addressed them and said:
Your fathers Abraham, Terah and Nachor dwelt on the other side of Euphrates in old times, where people served other gods. God guided Abraham and brought him to Canaan where He multiplied his race and gave him Ishmael, Isaac and other children. And, when people of Israel were living the life of bondage in Egypt, God sent Moses and Aaron, who delivered you from that bondage. Then you encountered with the rulers of Palestine and God gave you victory over powerful nations. God gave you that country which you did not build and gave those cities, which you did not construct. You eat fruits of those gardens, which you did not sow; therefore, serve God sincerely and truthfully and put away those false gods, which your forefathers detested and got themselves away from them. And serve God with prophetic approach as your fathers did.
According to God’s command when Joshua went round the city walls, carrying the Ark of Covenant and trumpeted the horns of rams for six days and, on seventh day, when they shouted with one voice the city wall collapsed. The Ark of Covenant had Torah wrapped in golden brocade Moses. This is a tradition since old times that belongings of the elders are conserved with a view to invoke their blessings, Because things that have remained in use of holy men absorb their Nasma and the lights of those persons and When mind focuses upon those things, impressions of those holy men is created upon the mind, which helps in having certitude and certitude is such an energy or power that makes something happen and appear as a manifestation.
When the army of Israel compassed the city and went round it carrying the Ark of Covenant, trumpeting seven ram horns for six days continually and on the seventh day after doing this ritual when they raised a slogan collectively, the vibration of the shout caused the wall to collapse. The energy of the lights stored in the belongings of the holy men of God boosted them and the vibration that was backed with the power of certitude caused the wall to collapse.
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