Literally the word Adam means: having color of the soil, brunette, brown, father of all the human beings, and the very first man on earth from whom the human propagation began.
Before the creation of Adam, jinns were the most distinguished of all the creatures. When they transgressed in their mischief and corrupted the earth, God unveiled a new creation. The very first individual of that creation is Adam.
“God informed the angels that He wanted to make a vicegerent on the earth. The angels submitted that this creation would spoil the earth and shed blood whereas they celebrate His praises and keep Him in their remembrance. (Quran S: 2, V: 30)
“And, We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.” (Quran s: 15, v; 26)
“He created man from sounding clay like unto pottery." (Quran S: 55,V:14)
Creation of man has been deﬁned in many ways in the holy Quran:
1) From dust and clay,
2) From sticky clay,
3) From rotten clay.
4) From sounding clay like unto pottery
5) From kneaded clay.
"And, Lord made man from the clay of the earth and inspired the breath of life in his nostrils and he came to live.” (Old Testament: Genesis 2-7)
God, after teaching the cosmic secrets to Adam, asked the angels to express about that knowledge if angels submitted that they knew only taught.
When Adam expressed his knowledge it became clear to the angels that they do not know anything about the knowledge bestowed upon Adam. Then God commanded them to prostrate before Adam, to wit, they were ordered to acknowledge the supremacy of Adam. Iblees refused to prostrate and was haughty by nature are submissive and obedient self-possessed and a creation given on of man. Lucifer (lzazeel) was one of the jinns who had become conceited because of the knowledge, which he possessed. Iblees is a derivative of the Arabic words blus and ablas, which means becoming desperate due to sorrow. Grief, broken heart, despair and dejection. When Iblees was asked as to what caused him to disobey God. He replied to God. "You have created me from the fire and Adam is a creation of dust and clay."
God told Adam to reside in the limitlessly open atmosphere of the heaven along with his spouse and to eat, as, whence and from where he may desire but he must not approach a particular tree.”
Satan exploited the very same restriction for achieving his purpose. He assured them that he was their well-wisher and if may approached not that tree they would not be able to continue residing the Paradise. According to the Gospel of Barnabas the first thing that Adam saw after coming into being was the writing. ‘There is no god except God. Mohammad is the Prophet of God.’
“And when Adam stood upon his feet, he saw a bright writing in the heavens, which read, “There is no god except God and Mohammad is the prophet of God.” He opened his mouth and said, “I am grateful to you God for your kindness of bringing me into existence. I beseech you to let me know the meaning of these words.“ God replied, “O my servant Adam, I tell you that thou art the first man I have created and the person whose name you just saw would be in your lineage. He would come to the world after so many years from this hour and he would be a prophet of Me. I have created everything for him. When he would come into the world, he would give a new light to the world. He is that prophet whose soul has been kept in the heavenly light for sixty thousand years prior to any creation.” (Gospel of Barnabas Ch.39, V: 14-1 8)
Quran declares man’s exaltation by defining the positive and negative aspects of the human nature and proclaimed him to be the Best of the Creations. This is the reason that man is worthy of respect in the entire universe. He is entrusted with the Trust of God because he is the best creation. Since he has been reposed with the Trust of God, he is the vicegerent of God on the earth. Creation of man is not without any purpose and objective. God has bestowed distinction upon him by blessing him with intellect and reason, insight and wisdom and perception and understanding. And, this is the distinction because of which he is responsible to avoid the evils and opt the good.
“We created man and showed him the path."
"And, shown the two ways to man.” (Quran S: 90, V: 4 & 10)
Name of Adam has been mentioned in 25 Verses of the holy Quran at 25 different places. Mode and style of mentioning appears to be different but there is no difference in the related events and the purpose of the story. The same one thing has been mentioned in varying styles. Basic purpose of all this is to tell that the people should believe in God and know it well that God is an irrefutable Being and the entire universe is kinetic under His sublime control. This very belief is that religious system, which leads us to progress and prosperity, if we follow the dictums of the religion. This very religion is Islam or the Natural Faith.
The verses of the holy Quran, in which Adam has been mentioned, are reproduced here.
Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth.” They said, "Will Thou place therein one who will make mischief and shed blood? Whilst we celebrate Thy praises and gloriﬁy Thee. " He said, “I know what ye know not!" And He taught Adam the Names of all things," then He placed those things before the angels and said, "Tell Me the Names of these things, if you are right. ”
(S: 2, V: 30-3 1)
He said.’ "O Adam! Tell them their Names. "
When he had told them, God said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heavens and earth, and I know what ye reveal or conceal?
" And behold, We said to the angels: “Bow down to Adam." They bowed down except Iblees. He refused and was haughty. He was of those who reject Faith.
(S: 2, V: 33-34)
We said, “O Adam! Dwell thou and thy spouse in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as where and whence ye will approach not this tree or ye run into harm and transgression.”
It is We who created you and gave you shape, then we bade angels to bow down, not to Iblees, and he refused to be of those who bow down. God said, “What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?” He said, “I am better than him; Thou dist create me from fire and him from clay.”
God said, “Get thee down from here, it is not for thee to be arrogant here. Get out for thou art of the meanest of creatures.” Iblees said, “Give me respite till the day they are raised up.”
God said, “Be thou among those who have respite.”
He (Iblees) said, “Because Thou hast thrown me out of the way, Lo! I will lie in wait for them on Thy straight way. Then will I assault them from before them and behind them, From their right and their left, Thou will not find, in most of them, gratitude for Thee.
God said, “Get out from this, disgraced and expelled, if any of them follow thee, hell will I fill with you all.”
“O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and enjoy as ye wish, buy approach not this tree or ye rum into harm and transgression.
We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape; and the Jinn race, We had created before, from the ﬁre of a scorching wind. Behold! Thy Lord said to the angels." "I am about to create man, from sounding clay from mud molded into shape; When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and shape; When I have fashioned him in due proportion and breathed into him of My spirit, fell ye down in obeisance unto him." So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together: Not so Iblees: he refused to be among those who prostrated themselves.
(S: 15- V5 25-31)
Behold! We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except lblees. He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord. Will ye then take him and his progeny as protectors rather than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evil would be the exchange for the wrongdoers!
(S: 18, V: 50)
It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam, and they bowed down," not so Iblees; He refused to be of those who bow down. God said.‘ "What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?" He said: ”I am better than he: Thou didst create me from ﬁre, and him from clay."
God said.‘ "Get thee down from this: it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out, for thou art of the meanest (of creatures). " He said: "Give me respite till the day they are raised up. " God said.‘ "Be thou among those who have respite. " He said: ”Because thou hast thrown me out of the way, 10! 1 will lie in wait for them on thy straight way: "Then will 1 assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left: Nor wilt thou ﬁnd, in most of them, gratitude (for thy mercies). " God said: "Get out from this, disgraced and expelled If any of them follow thee, Hell will I fill with you all.
(S: 7, V: ll-I8)
Behold.’ Thy Lord said to the angels: "I am about to create man, from sounding clay from mud molded into shape; "When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him." So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together.’ Not so lblees: he re used to be among those who prostrated themselves
God said: ”O lblees! What is your reason for not being among those who prostrated themselves?” I am not one to prostrate myself to man, Whom Thou didst create from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.” God said: “Then get thee out from here; for thou are rejected accursed.” And the curse shall be on thee till the Day of Judgment.” Iblees said: “O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day the dead raised.” God said:” Respite is granted thee. Till the Day of the Time appointed.”
Iblees Said. "O my Lord! Because Thou hast put me in the wrong, I will make (wrong) fair-seeming to them on the earth and I will put them all in the wrong except Thy servants among them, sincere and purified (by Thy Grace)"
God said: "This (way of My Sincere servants) is indeed a way that leads straight to Me. For over My servants no authority shall thou have, except such as put themselves in the wrong and follow thee." And verily, Hell is the promised abode for them all!
(S: 15, V: 32-43)
Behold! We said to the angels: ”Bow down unto Adam.’ ” They bowed down except Iblees: He said, "Shall I bow down to one whom Thou didst create from clay?” He said: ”Seest Thou? This is the one whom Thou hast honored above me! If Thou wilt but respite me to the Day of Judgment, I will surely bring his descendants under my sway - all but a few!" God said: "Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all) — an ample recompense. "Lead to destruction those whom thou canst among them, with thy (seductive) voice; make assaults on them with thy cavalry and thy infantry; mutually share with them wealth and children," and make promises to them. " But Satan promises them nothing but deceit. "As for My servants, no authority shall thou have over them." Enough is thy Lord for a Disposer of affairs.
(S: 17, V: 61-65)
Behold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create vicegerent on earth.” They said: “Wilt Thou place therein who will make mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate my praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: “I know what we know not, "And He taught Adam the "mare of I things; then He placed them before’ the angels, and said: “Tell me all the nature of these if ye are right.” They said: ”Glory to thee, of knowledge We have none, save what Thou has taught us, in truth it is Thou Who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom "
He said: "O Adam! Tell them their natures." When he had told them, God said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what, ye conceal? "
And behold, We said To the angels: ”Bow down to Adam" and they bowed down. Not so Iblees: he refused and was haughty; He was of those who reject Faith. We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will, but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.” Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. 0n earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood - for it time.” Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is 0ft-Returning, Most Merciful.
We said: ”Get ye down all from here; and if as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
(S: 2, V: 30-38)
"O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression." Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: "Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever. " And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser. So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted Of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: "Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?"
They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost. "God said: "Get ye down, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood,- for a time.” He said: "Therein shall ye live, and therein shall ye die,‘ but from it shall ye be taken out (at last). "
(S: 7, v; 19-25)
We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot: and We found on his part no ﬁrm resolve. When We said to the angels, "Prostrate yourselves to Adam", they prostrated themselves, but not Iblees: he refused. Then We said: "0 Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to thee and thy wife: so let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that thou art landed in misery. "There is therein (enough provision) for thee not to go hungry nor to go naked, nor to suffer from thirst, nor from the sun's heat." But Satan whispered evil to him: he said, "O Adam! Shall I lead thee to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?” In the result, they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced. But his Lord chose him for His Grace): He turned to him, and gave him Guidance. He said: "Get ye down, both of you, all together, from the Garden, with enmity one to another: but if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me, whosoever follows My Guidance, will not lose his way, nor fall into misery.
(S: 20, V2115-123)
And behold, We said to the angels, Bow down to Adam" and they bowed down. Not so lblees: he refused and was haughty. He was one of those who reject faith. We said: "O Adam, Dwell thou and thy wife in the garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression." Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden), get them out of the State (felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood -for a time.” Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is Opt-Returning, Most Merciful. We said; "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
(S: 2, V: 34-38)
Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! They each presented a sacrifice to God: It was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: “Be sure I will slay thee.” ”Surely, " said the former, “God doth accept of the sacrifice of those who are righteous.
(51 5, V: 27)
O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness, that is the best. Such are among the Signs of God, that they may receive admonition! O ye Children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you. In the same manner as he got your parents out of the Garden, stripping them of their raiment, to expose their shame: for he and his tribe watch you from a position where ye cannot see them: We made the evil ones friends (only) to those without faith.
(S: 7, V: 26)
Those were some of the prophets on whom God did bestow His Grace, of the posterity of Adam, and of those who We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Abraham and Israel of those whom We guided and chose. Whenever the sign of ((God)) Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears.
(S: 19, V: 58)
"Did I not enjoin on you, O ye Children of Adam, that ye should not worship Satan; for that he was to you an enemy avowed? "And that ye should worship Me, (for that) this was the Straight Way? ”But he did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did ye not, then, understand?
(S: 36, V; 60-62)
When there was nothing God was there. God desired to exhibit His Lordship and Creativity. When it occurred in the Will of God that His Greatness and Magnanimity be expressed, existence of creatures to appreciate His Greatness became unavoidable. As soon as God desired that He be cognized, all that was present in the Will of the Creator, came into existence in the variety of shapes, forms, formulae, rules and laws of nature.
Name of this very existence is the Universe. Universe is the name of such a family whose members are the countless species, living as family units. These species include angels, jinns, human beings, animals, vegetables, inanimate objects, earth, heavens and countless galaxies. Creator of the universe has blessed all these species with the faculties of sight, hearing, understanding, self- realization and recognizing the others. Using these faculties, these species have clearly comprehended that their Creator is the One who is Omnipotent.
In order to demonstrate the grandeur, greatness and creativity it was deemed necessary that the creation must be capable of comprehending the secrets and the reasons for which the universe has been created and for this awareness the creatures were to be blessed with those qualities that are operational in the creation of the cosmos. For this purpose God created man unto His own attributes and conferred His vicegerency after giving him the knowledge of His Attributes.
In the Holy Quran where man's creation has been related it has been elaborately stated that the man is the essence of dust and clay that resound, to wit, it is hollow from within and this void is the nature of every particle of clay. In Sura Dahar, God says, “Had there not been a time when man was nothing, not even mentionable, We breathed our soul in him and he became a man capable of hearing, seeing and feeling.” Breathing of the soul purports to establish senses in a void.
Ordinarily it is considered that man is the name of a body composed of ﬂesh and bones. All his attention focused in this body. He spends all his energies to grow, nurture and providing comforts to this body. But, in actual effect, this physical body is not man. The actual person is that which is keeping this body kinetic and moving. The real person that supports this physical body is the soul The sage. Qalander Baba Auliya, in his remarkable book Loh-o-Qalum has stated this thing in these words:
“We prepare a robe for the protection of our physical body. Movement of this dress, whether it is made of wool, cotton, silk or nylon, is subject to its wearing by the body. It has never happened that the arm is moved and the sleeve upon the arm is not moved. This also has never happened that a shirt that is placed upon a bed could move as it moves when it is upon the body. In fact, movement of the dress depends upon the movement of the body that wears it. Any dress whether it is made of wool, cotton, silk, nylon, does not posses any movement of its own.”
“Similarly when the soul of a person leaves his body and the person dies, the physical body composed of flesh and bones become inert, static and defenseless and just like a discarded dress. Physical body moves and resists movements as long as the soul is wearing it like a dress. This establishes and confirms that the structure of flesh and bones is not the real person rather it is merely a dress if the real person that it wearing it.”
God tells his beloved Prophet (PBUH), “People ask thee about the soul, tell them the soul is Edict of the Lord.”
(S: 17, V; 85)
And. This Edict of the Lord has been defined in the Sura-Yaseen In these words: Verily when his Edict intends a thing, he demands it, ‘Be!’ and it is.”
(S: 36. V: 82)
When the contents of these verses are deliberated upon the underlying meanings come to our mind, i.e, physically, man is not worthy of mentioning, the soul breathed in a physical body by the Lord is the real person in it and the very same real person enjoys the knowledge of the Elohistic Attributes.
This thing has been elaborated in the Second Sura of the holy Quran that when God informed the angels about the creation of Adam and told them that lie intended to make a vicegerent on the earth they submitted that if the purpose of the creation of Adam was to make him worship Him and celebrate His praises, they were already doing that and were carrying out His commands without any hesitation whereas this effigy of clay appeared to be mischievous to them. God did not turn them down but said: “Ye know not what I know!"
(S: 2, V: 30)
God, presented Adam before the angels after bestowing the knowledge of the secrets of the creation and its formulae and told the angels, tell, if you know these things.
Angels submitted that they knew only what they were taught and verily He was the Omniscient, All-Knowing and Wise. And, when Adam made a demonstration of the knowledge that God had granted him, God said: “Didn’t I tell you that I know the secrets of the heavens and the earth and all that ye disclose or hide. ” (S: 2, v: 33).
After establishing the supremacy of man, God commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam as a token of their obedience unto him.
When thy Lord told the angels, I am about to create man from clay. When I have fashioned him and breathed my soul into him, fall ye down in prostration. So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. But Iblees was haughty and became one of those who do not accept. God said: ”O Iblees! What prevented you from prostrating to one whom I created with My hands? Art thou haughty? Or art thou one of the high and superiors?” He said, “I am better than him, thou created me from fire and him from clay.” God said, “ Then get thee out from here, for thou art rejected, accursed, and My curse shall be one thee till the Day of Judgment.”(S: 38, V: 71-78)
lblees in his haughtiness and arrogance overlooked the fact that Adam and Jinns both are the creatures of God. Creator knows his creation the best. Iblees in his haughtiness and arrogance failed to see the fact that superiority is not because the material used in the creation of the creatures but it is because of those qualities, which God grants them.
When Iblees saw that his disobedience thrown him away from the Mercy of the Lord of the worlds, instead of expressing his repentance he demonstrated his arrogance and high headedness and accused God for his straying and I said, “You misled and abducted me. If I am given respite, I will not let Adam understand his own reality just as Thou didn’t let me understand and misled me.
God said, “You may try but My sincere servants would not fall pray to your traps.” Because of his arrogance God condemned and rejected Iblees.
According to the holy statement of God, Adam was bid to the reside in the Paradise, that is, when knowledge of the Names activated in Adam, he found himself in Paradise, the place where the senses operative in Adam were not confined and limited. There wasn’t any heaviness, any worry or any trouble. It is the place where that side of the life is predominant, which is full of peace, tranquility, comfort, luxury and a sense of power to rule the universe.
In paradise the miraculous power of creativity of God brought Eve into being from Adam. The vast expanse of the Paradise was subjugated for Adam and Eve and they were granted power to eat and drink as, when and from where they might liked but at the same time were forbidden nearing a lblees.
Iblees, upon getting an opportunity, approached Adam and Eve and made them believe him that the tree from which they had been forbidden was the Tree of Eternity and if they would eat its fruit they would have an eternal life full of bliss and nearness to God. He assured them that he was their well-wisher and intended no hostility for them.
Adam and Eve forgot that the devil was their eternal enemy and fell pray to his snare of temptations and that an eternal enemy cannot be a friend. Enemy can only cause damage. They also overlooked the fact that Paradise was granted to them as a blessing of their Lord Creator and it had nothing to do with eating of fruit of any particular tree.
Forgetfulness of Adam and Eve caused them to go near that tree but when they realized their forgetfulness, the Satan had his chance to insinuate whims in their heart. Thought of mistake, disobedience and the wrath of God saddened them. The eternal bliss and pleasure of Paradise transformed into sorrow, grief and restlessness. Feeling of their nakedness overpowered them after they realized their mistake and they started covering their bodies with the leaves of trees. Or to say, this was the beginning of the civilization that man started using leaves to cover his body.
Adam was questioned that despite prohibition why they committed disobedience? Adam being a dear one to God, did not behave like Satan and accepted all in his humiliation that it was inadvertent mistake and not an act of rebellion and that since a thing has been done he was sorry and asked forgiveness from God Almighty. He expressed and repentance and after accepting his excuse God forgave them and announced that he and his progeny have to live in the earth for an appointed time with their enemy Satan along with all his charms and tools to misguide them. They have to live there with the opposite forces of good and evil and if he and his descendants proved to be sincere and truthful their original abode; Paradise would be granted back them.
The holy Quran does not relate historical facts for the sake of record only, but the actual purpose is to help us finding reason and wisdom underlying in the text and the course of action be chalked out in the light of results drawn from there.
The story of Adam has many morals like:
· Superiority of Adam and his progeny is based upon that Knowledge and those Attributes, which God has granted to the soul breathed in the effigy of clay.
· If a person is acquainted with his reality (Soul) and knows the rules, regulations and formulae that are operative in the background of universe, he is superior to other creatures otherwise he is merely an effigy of clay that possesses no movement of its own.
· Despite an inadvertent mistake. Adam opted humility, which God liked and forgave him, that is, humiliation of Adam earned liking of God. It was the result of Adam’s humility that one thousand four hundred people were made prophets in his progeny.
· Arrogance and rebellious attitudes eats away even the biggest virtue and good. The fact is the Lucifer was condemned only because of his rudeness, high-headedness and arrogance.
· God Almighty is Omnipotent He may grant honor or dishonor to whom He may please. He is master of honor and respect and dishonor.
Creation of Adam is a unique magnum opus. Effigy of clay was transformed into flesh and bones. Transformation of clay into flesh, bones, heart, brain, blood, lungs, kidneys etc. is the handiwork of God. When one takes ones creation into consideration and deliberation, one is amazed to see that this whole system is made kinetic without any ostensible material connection to any source of energy and the movement of this system never ceases even for a fraction of a second. And, if this system is faulted even the most modern equipment cannot restore it to run it like it is kept moving by the nature. For instance, the heart pumps blood into the body by beating 72-80 times a minute and it keeps on doing so for the whole life tirelessly and if any problem is encountered, its treatment requires hundreds of thousands of rupees.
Upper portion of our body; generally known as trunk has a rib cage, which contains lungs. Respiration depends upon the shrinking and expansion of lungs. Normally a person breathes 16-18 times a minute. One only breathes when there is air and oxygen.
One of the basic necessities of man is water. Scarcity of water turns fertile lands into barren wilderness. God is providing everything free of cost. He is not charging nay fee or sending utility bills to man for sustenance, which He provides to man.
The knowledge of Appellations granted to Adam is the bestowal of vicegerency and the very same knowledge in Sufism is called Ilm-e-Luddunni (Insinuated knowledge).
When God disturbed Knowledge He made the names of His attributes known to Adam. These very names are called Attributes Appellations. These are names that are the reflection of God’s Knowledge.
In order to know Attributes it must be kept in mind that every Attribute of God is coupled with the Attribute of mercy and Omni potency. For instance, God’s Attribute of Lordship is attributed with His Mercy and Omni potency of His Attribute of Praiseworthiness or oneness has to be combined with this Attribute of mercy and Omnipotence, that is, no Attribute of God completed without his Attribute of Mercy and Omni potency. When we say God is All-Seeing, it means that in having sight He enjoys absolute powers and creativity in His seeing.
Any Appellation of God, in fact, is a Beatiﬁc Vision. Every Beatiﬁc Vision represents a particular Attribute or quality of God, and every Beatiﬁc Vision has two more Beatiﬁc Visions mingled therewith. In other words Every Name of God is a combination of three Beatiﬁc Visions.
One, of that very particular Appellation, the second one is that of the Omnipotence and the third one is that of His Mercy. Thus the name of every Beatiﬁc Vision is called an Appellation.
This must be clearly understood that every Appellation has two things. One is the Beatiﬁc Vision by itself and the other is the Attribute that it represents. When any Appellation or an Epithet of God is recited, verbally or mentally, a Beatific Vision along with its attribute becomes active. This activity is called knowledge, which in fact, is a reflection of God‘s knowledge.
Normally under ordinary circumstances we seldom note that all existing individuals have a hidden correlation between all them. The linkage cannot be explored by experts of any faculty of human knowledge except using the spiritual potentials though of life of universe depends on the very same connection is the actual cause of introduction between the in living or nonliving individuals of the celestial bodies.
When we happen to see a star, we feel visage of the star by means of our sight. The star does not forbid us to look at it, it never says that don't look at me. Had there not been a hidden relation, every star and every celestial scene would have been creating one or the other hindrance in acknowledging our existence. This very hidden correlation is holding all the individuals of the cosmos together.
From this discourse, this fact is revealed, that the entire universe is the property of one single entity. If different objects of the universe had been in possession of different entities, it would have certainly caused a clash in‘ acknowledging one another. Belongings of one deity would have not liked to know the possessions of another deity. Quran introduces that one single deity as Allah. The very word ‘Allah’ is the Personal Innate Name of God amongst all His other Names.
Personal Name is indicative of that deity who enjoys the ownership, whereas the Attributive Names are suggestive of controlling powers. Personal Innate Name has the rights of Creation or the ownership and in Suﬁsm the same thing is termed as ‘Mercy‘. Thus, every Attribute of God has to have the Attribute of Omnipotency and Mercy with it. These very two Attributes are basis of the hidden correlation amongst all the individuals of existents. This was the Knowledge, which God had taught to Adam.
It is the divine statement of God, “I am the best of all the creators.” God as a Creator is such a Creator who is not indigent to resources for his creations. When God commands a thing to come in to existence. He simply tells it to be. And, the resources needed to create that thing come into existence and become active and the thing intended, existing in His Mind, materializes.
‘The best of all creators’, as God says for Himself, indicates that there are other creators besides God but the creator of every other creation is indigent of availability of resources. Example of electricity can be given in this regard. When people tried to create things using electricity, they were able to make hundreds of thousands things which require electricity for their operation. It is the attribute of God that he created Electricity merely by commanding it to be and there it was. When mankind, the progeny of Adam, deliberated upon the electricity they were able to create many by-creations like radio, TV, Telephone, wireless system, computer, satellites, and many other such things.
From the spiritual point of view, it is man's prerogative to create by-creations using this creation of God. And. this is the same knowledge, which God taught to Adam. The knowledge of the Names or Appellations purports to the fact that God taught Adam such a knowledge, which is directly related with the creative formulae. When man learns this knowledge by applying himself deeply and exercises his powers to create, ever-new inventions come into being.
Universe, in fact, is such knowledge with which God has acquainted man. But, in order to, have this acquaintance it is mandatory for man that he should contemplate upon this knowledge. lt has been stated in the holy Quran, “We sent down iron, indeed there are countless beneﬁts in it for the humans.”
The people who pondered in the iron, considering it a metal, accepting its strength and power, they could explore its many’ potentials and usages. And. when the qualities of the iron were fully exploited this became such an important thing that every advancement of the modern science, in one or the other way, is related to with this metal; iron.
This, in spiritualism, is called Conductive Influence, that is, the influence of the mind is applied on the resources available in material form.
The light, too, is an existent just like iron. When the parson rising above the limitation of the resources or surpassing that knowledge of material resources equip himself with the knowledge pertaining to lights, he can create many things, for instance, for preparing gold or the iron ore is collected and after causing it to pass through a particular process, we get iron. But, a person equipped with power to influence the lights, does not require passing raw gold through its particular process. He simply stores the lights and separates those quantities in his mind, which are operative in gold and using his will power focuses the measured quantities on a single point and the gold comes into being.
We have told earlier that God is not indigent of resources for His creations. When He intends a creation, the resources required for that creations, become available automatically, whereas man exercises his influence only in the available resources; the creations of God. There are two methods of conducting this influence. One is to combine various available things together by using the material means and the other one is to Conduct Inﬂuence in the lights, that is, those lights, which are responsible for existence of a thing, are activated. In spiritualism these lights are termed as nasma and in scientific terms reﬂection of these lights is called aura.
Man is such a creation of God that has been blessed with the power to Conduct his Inﬂuence in the creations of God and. God has given him this know how. Since God knows that man would be making by-creations, He declares Himself, the best of all creators.
Laws of Spiritualism or the parapsychology suggest that man is a combination of three tiers of Attributes, inner-self and the Agency segregating them. Agency that segregates the Attributes from Inner-self is termed as Composition or the Physical body, This Physical body is that effigy, which in general terms is known as human body. Feelings and sensations of every tier are altogether different from one another. lnner-self is that tier where whim and thought are transferred to the mind. Mind gives them the shape of delight or sorrow after ascribing meanings to the conceived thought. If it were supplied with information concerning a beautiful garden, it would start generating concepts of colorful lights, fragrances and beauty.
Generally the skeleton of ﬂesh and bones is considered human being. In actual effect, this is not that person which nature considers man. This body of ﬂesh and bones can be called an attire of the actual man in it. This body lasts as long as the actual person resides in it, or to say, is wearing it. The moment a person dissociates himself with this attire, which is termed as dying, this physical body becomes devoid of every movement.
God has formulated formulae for creation of everything and every formula is based upon use of fixed measures of quantities. In the 30th Chapter of the holy Quran it has been stated; “We have created everything with fixed quantities.”
The actual person residing in the physical body is the soul. And, the soul is far above than sense of deprivation, anxiety, restlessness, ailments and diseases. This soul makes a medium between this physical body and itself. This medium can be taken as the invisible person between soul and the physical body. This incorporeal person also has the powers to ascribe meanings of its desire to the information conceived. Formulae of ﬁxed quantities are operating even in this incorporeal body of man just as these are operational in the soul and every creation of the soul. These million and billions of formulae can be broadly categorized in following four classes:
1- Water Energy
2- Electric Energy
3- Heat Energy and,
4- Wind energy.
There are two brains operating in man. The first brain receives information directly and the second one ascribes meanings to the information received according to its interests. When this brain becomes habitual of ascribing incomplete, wrong, unclear and destructive meanings to the information received, the fixed proportioned quantities are disturbed and after becoming unbalanced cause diseases of various types in the body.
There are two levels of the human mind. At one level the movement of the individual mind is connected with the cosmic movements, that is, this movement takes up the desires, intensions and feelings of an individual up to the level of universal intentions, desires and feelings. Both the levels of mind produce senses. Senses of one level can be called positive senses and the senses of the other level are known as negative senses.
Positive senses, in a way, are the division of the senses represented by various parts of the body. Thus, functionality of our body depends upon this distribution of the senses. Eyes are sighting a thing and at the same time ears are hearing a sound. Hands are busy with the third thing, feet are measuring the fourth one, tongue is enjoying the taste of fifth one and the nose is smelling the six thing and mind is occupied with thoughts of yet the way of working of the positive senses but the stimuli of negative senses are not related with human intentions, for instance, during dreaming all the above-mentioned senses remain active but the body remain
The static state of body parts leads us to conclude that the senses are concentrated in one single point of mind. The movement takes place in this Single point is distributed in the parts of body during awakening. Before this division of the senses these can be termed as the Negative Senses and after their distribution in the body parts, these can be rightly called the Positive Senses. It is noteworthy that both the positive and negative senses cannot stay at the same one level. We have to acknowledge their activity at both the levels of the mind. In Sufism the negative level is termed as Nasma-e-Mufrad (Simple Aura) and the positive level is known as Nasma-e-Murakab (Compound Aura).
Nasma-e-Murakab (Compound Aura) is the name of such a movement that is continuous and sequential, i.e. one moment followed by another in sequence and order. This movement occurs in such an arranged form that it constructs Space. Every moment is a space. Or to say the space is incarcerated by moments.
Moments simultaneously move at two levels. This movement takes place in everything of the universe separately and it builds that conscious, which keeps an object existing in the limits of its own individual being. Movement of the second level takes place in all things of the universe simultaneously. This movement gives rise to that conscious, which keeps all things of the universe present in one sphere.
At one level of the moments individuals of the universe exist severally i.e. individuals have separate conscious whereas, in the other level the conscious of all the individuals is concentric at one single point. The first level is individual conscious and the second one is that of the Collective Conscious.
Present day world of science is familiar with galaxies and solar systems. What is the relation of our earth with the lights of galaxies and solar systems and how does it affect the humans, animals, plants and inanimate objects? Science has started taking up this issue but they are not fully aware of the fact that how and what affects does the light of the solar systems produce in humans, animals, plants and inanimate objects and how does it brings changes in their feelings and attitudes?
Science believes that existence of everything is based upon waxes and only waves: the wave that cannot be termed anything else but light. The whole universe is a wonderful display of various forms of only one force. We being the distinguished creation of God in the universe, have to delve upon this question that vi hat this wave or the light is?
Christ has been reported saying, "God said, Light? And, there it was." It means, with utterance of the very word ‘light‘ by God, the light came into existence. The same thing has been elucidated in the holy Quran in these words: “God is the light of the earth and heavens. "
This means that the light of the earth and the heavens is directly related to with God Almighty. When the entire universe including man, jinns, angels, animals, plants and inanimate objects are based upon the lights and waves then it is clearly established that all the existents are a display of the Light of God, which in religious terms is called soul.
Teachings of all the religions in the world and all the prevailing sciences invite us to acquaint ourselves with the actual person in us. We must perceive this fact that from where does man come and where does he go? In order to familiarize us with these things prophets and God gave us certain rules and regulations. Formulae have been related in the divine books so that after equipping with self-realization man could know himself.
It is sad to note that history does not tell us anything save anxiety, restlessness, disquiet, fears and worries. Man has always been a prey to anxiety, fright and uneasiness. At times insecurity and uncertainty reduces and at times it is at its peak, but it never vanishes altogether.
The more a person is involved with his -material body the more away he gets from the lights of his soul. Restlessness and fatigue are actually one‘s getting away from the lights. Mental stress, depression and tension are touching their peak. If there could be any method to remain safe from them and to live a peaceful life, it cannot be any other method but to know the actual person in man. When we would know the actual root of ourselves the soothing coolness of waves and light would surround us.
We have to know this thing as well that what is the difference between man and other creatures and if man is superior to all other creatures, why is he superior to them?
"We did indeed offer the Trust to the heavens. the earth and the mountains but they refused to undertake it, being afraid of their disintegration. But man undertook it.... Indeed he was unjust and foolish. ”
(S: 33, V: 72)
This statement of God tells us that after the creation of the universe, God offered His Trust before all knew that they all knew that they couldn't withstand the responsibility of that trust so they all declined except man who accepted to take the challenge, it is noteworthy that man is the trustee of God’s trust and God is declaring him unjust and ignorant.
According to the creative principles every creature of God has conscious, it exists and moves because of the God gifted potentials. The conversation of heavens, earth and the mountains tells that us all the creatures therein have conscious. Just like human beings. Mountains, too, have the power to reason just like man because acceptance or rejection of something is indicative of having perception, understanding and consciousness.
Deliberation guides us that life without insight and vision is callousness and ignorance. Mountains, earth and the heaves decided after consideration that they cannot shoulder the responsibility and saved themselves from callousness and ignorance. If, life of man is studied, it is observed that man is short sighted as compared to mountains, earth and the heavens. Man enjoys vision and farsightedness if he is aware of the Trust of God, which he accepted to shoulder.
Created things in the earth and the heavens are the Signs of God. The earth, sunlight and water are different things, but when the earth tends to create, these things produce such a variety of colorful objects that one is left bewildered. The same water after absorbing in the earth displays itself in inestimable creations. It seems that countless dies are installed inside the earth; water is molded to the shape of the die where it settles in. If in one would it is banana, in the other it is an apple. In one place it transforms into grapes and at another it is an enchanting ﬂower. The water after passing through a particular process turns in a butterfly or a pretty face. When a small seed is put in the earth, the earth nurtures it and transforms it into a large tree.
This tells us only one thing that the earth is blessed with certain potentials. The cardinal child of Mother Nature; man is a by-creation of the earth. Justice demands that we should look for and should me cardinality of man and should ﬁnd out that what is this blessings after all, which makes him superior to other creatures?
The abilities demonstrated and the acts and activities of routine life do not suffice to prove man’s supremacy. Birth, hunger, thirst, and desires whether these are physical, sexual are most found almost in every creature but man’s distinction, in actual effect, Is to be one enjoying the Trust of God. If a person is aware of this blessing of trust he is superior to other creatures otherwise he is par with them. Despite having been blessed with this special favor of God, man’s unawareness about it is the callousness and ignorance.
In order to make use of this special favor of God we have to equip ourselves with cognition of our soul. In Suﬁsm, this awareness is called, self-realization. Self-realizations opens doors of that knowledge which connects a person wit knowledge of the Trust presented to man enables a person to have supremacy and distinction over other creatures otherwise, he is ignorant and tyrant.
It is He who made you from a single person and made a pair of him so that he could have comfort.
And God sent deep slumber upon Adam and he slept. Then he drew one of his and filled that place with flesh. Then, God fashioned from that rib a woman and brought it to Adam.
(Genesis: Ch. 2, 21-22)
Researchers are of the opinion that Quran is not just mentioning the Story of the creation of Eve but is expressing the fact that woman is a part of man. This can be understood like this that a female existed in Adam. When God deemed it necessary to exhibit both sides, the female was separated from Adam.
Spiritual scientists, on this subject, say that everything existing here is composed of two sides. Male is no exception to this and similarly the female, too, has these two sides. A male is hidden in a woman and a female is hiding in a man. Had there not been a woman in Adam, birth of Eve was not possible, Second example is that of Adam’s birth from Ever, which the holy books terms as Christ.
Every individual is composed of two tiers, one of which remains dominating and is manifested and the other one remains suppressed and obscure. Whether it is male or female both are composed of these two tiers: One, which is manifested and the other, which is the inner-side and remains obscure.
Manifested side of a female is witnessed in the form and features of a woman and the obscure male-side remains hidden from us. Similarly, the visible side of a male is witnessed as man and the inner female side is hidden from us. It means that man appearing, as a man, and a woman seen, as a woman are the manifested sides only, the opposite hidden sides remain encased in them.
Law of sex appeal and reproduction is based upon both these gender sides. The Inner male-side of a woman, which remains suppressed, is not capable of manifesting itself, longs for its absorption in a male for its completion. Similarly the inner female-side of man, which remains dominated and incomplete, wants to embrace female side of a woman for its completion.
Spiritual scientists tell that if in mind, in line with the laws of nature, is concentrated upon any of these two sides, and the soul, which is termed as the Edict of Lord, is activated then the dormant dominated gender tier transforms into manifestation. The same thing happened to Adam.
Abel and Cain were the two sons of Adam. Names of these two sons have not been mentioned in the holy Quran. They have mentioned as the ‘two sons of Adam’, but in Old Testament these names have been mentioned. According to a statement of Abdullah bin Masood; in the times of Adam. They had twin births. The practice was to marry the girl of one lot with the boy of the next lot. When Abel and Cain reached the age of marriage Cain, the elder son of Adam wanted to marry Akleemah, the sister of Cain who was prettier than the Gaza. the sister of Abel with whom he was supposed to be married. Cain resented this engagement and insisted upon marrying his sister instead of Abel ‘s sister Gaza. To solve this problem Adam suggested that both should offer their sacriﬁces before God. Whose sacriﬁce would be accepted, he would have the right to do what he wishes.
According to the Old Testament, it was the practice in those days that the sacrificial offers were placed on a high place and a fire would appear from heaven to bum it as a token of acceptance of the sacrifice. So the Abel offered the best sheep of his belongings and the Cain put some infected corns as his sacrificial offering. According to the story Abel‘s sacrifice was accepted. This further infuriated Cain and he declared that he would kill Abel.
Abel replied that he would not raise his hand against his elder brother; he may do what he pleases. And as far as the acceptance of the sacriﬁce is concerned, it all depends upon the good intentions and the will of the Lord. He accepts the sacrifices at His Will and threats or show of anger cannot influence His judgment.
This aggravated Cain and he killed his brother.
After murdering his brother, Cain was upset and was wondering as what to do with the dead body of his slain brother, Till that time mankind had not experienced death so Adam had also not issued any decree in this regard. According to holy Quran, Cain learnt the process of interment from a crow. He saw a crow that was scratching the land to dig a pit to bury a dead crow. Cain repented his crime and buried his brother’s dead body.
The incident tells us about two types of paradigm of thinking. One is the satanic approach of thinking and the other one is godly approach of thinking. Cain‘s thinking approach was satanic whereas the Abel had godly approach of thinking whereas calm and composed manner reflects the godly way of thinking. Any deed performed by evil designs and satanic approach proves to be harmful and proves futile in the end whereas the act and deeds done with virtuous and godly approach sustain and bear fruits.
According to Old Testament Adam lived for about 930 years. During his period mankind learnt about medicines, mathematics, music, Cultivation of land and agriculture also started with him. And Lord God expelled him from Eden so that he should return to that land, he belonged to and do the harvesting, Archeologists have discovered implements and arms made of stone and belong to that age which is called the Stone Age.
Primeval civilization was founded by Adam and for the first he made various implements and hunting arms from stone. Use of fire also started in his era. Adam and Eve had many offspring. One of them is Shees, which literally means the gift of God, After Adam he was the first prophet.
Book of Genesis of Old Testament Chapter 4 tells us that like Adam. He lived for 912 years out of which for 112 years he performed the duties of prophet of God. He used to peace and love. His people loved him greatly. His people followed his teachings even after his death and lived in the light of his teachings.
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