Hermes in Greece, Enoch in Hebrew and Idrees in Arabic, was in the sixth generation of Adam and the great grandfather of Noah. He formulated social civil laws for the first time to lay foundations of a civilization. Babylon, now known as Kofa, in the land at the juncture of Rivers Euphrates and Tigris once known as Mesopotamia, the first civilized city was planned and built by Idrees.
Idrees was a handsome man of medium stature and tanned skin. He had attractive features and was polite in his speech, talked with seriousness and had a pleasantly composed personality. He used to deliberate and was distinguished for his knowledge and sincerity. His initial training and education was done by one of his forefathers Seth. He used to walk keeping his gaze low. He was given a scripture of which afro-translation still exist.
And (remember) Ishmael, Idrees and Zulkifl all men of constancy and patience; we admitted them to our mercy: for, they were of the righteous ones.
Before Noah, when the children of Adam corrupted themselves, Angel of God called upon them and said, “ O Idrees! Get up and go out of the obscurity, walk on the earth and call your people towards the right path, tell them the right way to live and tell the how should they behave and act, if they want to live a happy life.”
Idrees, as was he commanded, gathered the people and addressed that assembly of his people but with an exception of few, all turned against him and refuted his teachings and denied to follow the path, which he was suggesting.
When the oppositions of infields grew beyond limit, Idrees migrated with his followers towards Egypt. Seeing a vast green piece of land Idrees said to his companions, “This place resembles your Babylon.” These words of Idrees made the place popularly known as Babylon by the Arabs and people of other ancient nations.
Idrees was a multilingual man who knew about seventy-two languages. Besides preaching the religion of God, He taught the ways of living socially and in a civilized manner. For this purpose, he taught different ways, to different classes of people. His disciples built and constructed towns and cities, which according to estimation exceeds two hundred. Reha was the smallest of all of those towns. Besides preaching them principles of town planning, he taught them various sciences. Astrology, Astronomy, mathematics, writing, calligraphy, measuring weights, making armory and use of pen in the beginning are all ascribed to Idrees. He made roads and passages in the cities, built markets for trade and business, constructed playgrounds and educated his people to construct buildings and structures according to a drawing.
Before Idrees there existed no proper system of weighment. For giving the due right to the buyer he advised system of measuring and weighing. In order to preserve knowledge for the future generation, he got such drawing houses constructed where pictures and pictorial representation of the inventions of his time were drawn so that the mankind could learn from the past and benefit themselves.
It was Idrees, who for the first time predicted about the great Flood of Noah. The laws, and the rules, which he made, having their basis in justice and reason, were acceptable to school of thought of his times. He divided the population in the land under his control, into four parts and appointed a governor for each part for governance. He advised rules for his geographical division. He also pioneered the logic and coined termed for astrology and gave their descriptions. He was also versed with the divination knowledge of Raml.
A brief account of the Laws given by him is:
· Worthy of worships is only He who created the earth and the Heavens.
· Virtuous deeds are the source of peaceful life.
· The material world and everything therein is mortal and perishable.
· Justice and adherence to law help in termination of negative norms of a society.
· Deliberation and acting upon the commandments give the best results.
· Wealth earned using unfair means rusts the heart, so it should be avoided.
· Keeping tidy and arranging for cleanliness is part of faith.
· Fasting on every 13th, 14th and 15th day of lunar month and giving alms helps in purging the inner self and is a means of getting away from the love of wealth and riches.
· Idrees appointed few days of celebrations in a year and made offering of sacrifice on particular days mandatory for his people.
Idrees told his people that many prophets would come after him to correct the deteriorated and corrupted situations. And, those prophets would have these characteristics:
· They would be free from evil deeds.
· They would be perfect in their qualities and be praised for that.
· They would be aware of the situation on the earth and in the heavens.
· They would know efficacious medicines for curing the diseases.
· No one visiting them would remain spiritually thirsty.
· God would listen and accede to their prayers and would invited people to purge themselves.
Idrees classiﬁed mankind into three classes; namely, scholars, kings and the subjects and graded them accordingly. The scholars were ranked the highest because before God, they are answerable for the kings and the subjects besides their own self. Kings were ranked the second as they would be accounted for themselves and their subjects only. And, since the subjects are answerable for themselves only therefore they were placed the last of the list. This classification was not based on any distinction of family or linage.
In the General Epistle of Jude of New Testament, after rebuking and admonishing those who are misled from the right path a prophesy of Idrees (Enoch), in which coming of a Leader for convincing them of their ungodly deeds is mentioned thus:
“Woe unto them! For they have gone in the way of Cain and run greedily after the error of Balaam for reward and perished in the gainsaying of Core. These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear; clouds they are without water, carried about of winds: trees whose fruit withers, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots," raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness forever. And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying; Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them, of all their ungodly deeds, which they have ungodly committed and of all their hard speeches, which ungodly sinners have spoken against him- ” (Jude: I I-I4, New Testament)
Also mention in the Book the case of Idrees: He was a man of truth and sincerity, and a prophet: And We raised him to a lofty station
(S: 19,V: 56-57)
This also is mentioned in Old Testament:
“And, all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years; and Enoch walked with God, and he was not; for God took him.”
(Genesis Ch: 5, 23-24)
In the Old Testament only this much is stated that Enoch disappeared as God took him but in Talmud, a long tale is told, in which at the end. it has been mentioned that Enoch, while riding his chariot driven by many horses, climbed a whirlwind t0WardS the heavens.
Upon the ring of Enoch, this inscription was engraved:
“Patience with faith in God is a sign of success. "
The belt, which he wore around his waist, bore this inscription:
“Real delights lie in guarding the Commandments that perfect the religion, completed with courtesy. ”
The headgear worn at funerals had this inscription:
“Blessed is he who guards his Self Man ’s godly deeds speak for him be are the Lord. "
When we delve in the story of Idrees and deliberate upon the knowledge, which he possessed, we conclude that only man enjoys the trust of God and he is blessed with knowledge of Vicegerency and knows formulae to conquer the cosmos. Creative abilities arose in man when these formulae are put to use. Using these abilities man can perform both the positive and negative things. If the paradigm of thinking is right; is in accordance with the teachings of the prophets of God then any act performed or any invention made becomes a source of comfort ease and delight for the creatures of God and if the thinking approach is limited to personal gains and is confined to individual beneﬁts only then the use of creative abilities is of no use for the mankind, individually or collectively.
It is ﬁrmly established in the minds of prophets of God that their Lord is the All—Sovereign God. Everything related to with one another is only because of God. Reach of the prophetic thinking is unlimited and any invention made under their approach of thinking benefits the creatures. They know the realities operating in the background of the manifestations. Since reality is not dispersing or various therefore. a person familiar with reality is not overshadowed by grief and fear and, he remain calm in every situation and state.
Mankind gets peace when the system, defined by those who are familiar with the true form of knowledge. is followed. lt has been stated in the very beginning of holy Quran:
“This is the book that guides those who feel concerned about God, they are the one ’s who have faith in the Unseen. "
Faith in Unseen purports to be able to witness the Unseen. as faith remains incomplete if it is not supported by observation.
The earth provides us sustenance according to certain rules and regulations when we built a house, the earth does not forbid us from constructing it. And, it does not become so hard that we couldn‘t cultivate crops nor it becomes so soft that movement on the earth is hampered. The sun and the moon are performing their duties for us. The moonlight is responsible for the sweetness in fruits and the sunlight helps them ripening. In short, every cosmic Character is performing its role diligently and we are benefited directly or indirectly, voluntarily or involuntarily. This is one form of their subjugation to man.
But, in actual effect, the real conquest is that a man could willfully make use ‘of the characteristics of oceans, seas, rivers, hills and mountains, the sun and the moon.
And still a higher form of this conquest is demonstrated by the Holy Prophet (PBUH), just by pointing his ﬁnger towards the moon splits in two halves. And, Umer (RA) sends this message to River Nile, “If you are ﬂowing by God’s Command, stop transgressing, otherwise Umer’s whip would suffice to you.” And. the river never had problem with its ﬂow after that.
Once a peasant complaining to Umar (RA) said, “I labor in tilling my land, sow seeds in it and all that is required to be done, I do fulﬁll, but the earth spoils the seeds and I don’t have any crop.”
Umer said, “Whenever I happened to be in that area just remind me.”
And when he happened to there, that man indicated that piece of land about which he had complained. Umer (RA) using his whip leashed the earth and said, “You dare not spoil the work of a man of God, when he takes care of your needs.” After that, that land tur ned into a green farm.
God has created this universe for man. All the components and parts of this cosmos, including man and all those abilities that he has in him, are concentric. According to the spiritual science, man is blessed with eleven thousand abilities and each of these abilities is a faculty of knowledge and this knowledge is limitless.
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