"Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people, to warn you? Call in remembrance that He made you inheritors after the people of Noah, and gave you a stature tall among the nations, Call in remembrance the beneﬁts (ye have received) from God that so ye may prosper."
(S: 7,V: 69)
These people initially inhabited Yemen and then migrated towards Syria and Egypt and occupied the Land of Ahqaf This area lied in the north of Hazr Mom and in its east was Oman. Ahqaf in Arabic are the sand dunes. Now this area, which was once a green land, has now turned into a desert and when the wind blows the sands shifts from one place to another and forms dunes.
This desert is about one thousand feet below the northern rugged terrain of Hazr Mout: this desert has many white patches and anything dropped in that powdery sand drowns and disappears. Once a researcher dropped his pendulum in the sand in minutes and when he withdrew it he couldn’t retrieve it because the rope that held the pendulum was eaten away in sand.
People of Ad, with their large physiques and muscular built were stout and strong. God had given them physical strength and they were prosperous because of the fertile land. They were very good builders of buildings and monuments. They were expert in constructing colossal structures with pillars. People of this generation, with over seventy tribes, were the founders of the most ancient civilization of the world and ruled the large area of southeast Arabia. When they captured Egypt, Shadad; son of Ad was their king.
“Did ye not see, how did thy Lord dealt with the people of Ad Eram, who built lofty buildings?"
(S: 89,V: 5-7)
After the drowning of the people of Noah, these people were made the rulers on the earth but they had not learnt their lesson from the destruction of the people before them and strayed from the right path and became idol worshippers. They had many gods after the names of the stars. Abundance of God’s favors had misled them. Their hearts had hardened and their superstitions had obstructed them from the right thinking. Satan had made them oblivious of God and they had, built various gods for themselves and they worshipped them for their various needs like health, sustenance, children and rain etc. They had separate god for each need. They also worshipped the gods of the people of Noah. They had fallen into such vices that life for weak and powerless people had become very difficult. And, when the darkness of ignorance and transgression overpowered them, God sent Hud for their guidance.
To Ad ‘ the people (We sent) Hud, one of their (own) brethren: He said: O my people! Worship God ye have no other god but Him, will ye not fear Him?"
(3; 7 V; 65)
Hud was blessed with prophetic abilities from the very childhood. He expressed aversion from idolatry, opposed the oppressors and helped the oppressed. Humbleness and courtesy were his virtuous traits. He used to seek seclusion and go out of the town to ponder and deliberate upon the signs scattered in the universe. When his concentration developed and his conscious gradually developed the ability of understanding the Unseen, Gabriel visited him and told him that God had appointed him His Messenger.
Mention Hud one of 'Ad’s own brethren: Behold, he warned his people about the winding Sand-tracts: but there have been warners before him and after him: "Worship ye none other than God. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Mighty Day."
(S: 46,V: 2)
Hud said to people; God, except whom no one is worthy of worshipping, has sent me to you so that I could lead you towards the right path. So fear God and follow me. How these idols, which you carve from wood and stones, could be your rulers. How can the moon and the stars, which are duty bound to follow the course appointed for them by God, govern your affairs. You have gone astray and misled by Satan. You have no logical excuse for this inﬁdelity. God has blessed you with physical and mental abilities, so be grateful to God. And, if you did not quit the high-headedness and show off and did not express gratitude for His favors, then bear this in mind that he is strict in inﬂicting penalty.
People of Hud expressing their surprise said, “Have you come to us to forbid worshipping those whom our fathers have been worshipping since ages?”
He said: "Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute ye with me over names which ye have devised ye and your fathers, without authority from God, then wait: I am amongst you, also waiting.”
(S: 7, V: 71)
Chiefs of his people refused to listen to him and said; “We think you are trying to mislead us by accusing our gods falsely and threatening us of penalties. We will not quit following the path of our ancestors and you are true in your words, let us see the wrath of your God.”
Hud attempted to convince them by reasoning and said; “I am the prophet of God, appointed to deliver the message of God. I am your well-wisher and you can trust me. Why do you feel strange that God has appointed one of your own people? If you think that I want some sort of reward from you for myself, then that is not correct. I do not expect anything from you, my reward rests with Him who has created me.”
His people refused to listen to him and shunned him.
They said: "It is the same to us whether thou admonish us or be not among our admonishers! This is no other than a customary device of the ancients. And, we are not the ones to receive Pains and Penalties!"
(S: 26,V: I36-l38)
Hud invited them to think of the blessings of God bestowed upon them and said:
“Think of Him who gave all that you wanted, He gave you the cattle, children, orchards, farms and the springs of water and you, instead of having gratitude for Him, are joining such partners to Him that have no power to do good or harm you. You spend all your energy and ability in amassing wealth and construct these lofty structures of pillars just to show off and you have made all this the purpose of your life and in spite of having all these you do not have any peace of mind only because you consider this material world is everything for you.”
When his people did not pay any heed to his teachings and continued misusing the favors of God, the nature turned its face on them, the water table dropped, spring dried, wells too, dried up and the green pastures turned into deserted ﬁelds. Famine raged for three years upon them.
Hud advised them to repent for their misdeeds and ask the forgiveness of the Lord God, His mercy would prevail upon you.
"And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance: He will send you the skies pouring abundant rain, and add strength to your strength: so turn ye not back in sin!”
(S: 11,V: 52)
They said: "O Hud! No Clear Sign that hast thou brought us, and we are not the ones to desert our gods on thy word! Nor shall we believe in thee!”
And, his people transgressed beyond the limit; they refused to quit worshipping their false gods and rejected Hud. Hud knew that God has also abandoned them and they would not come to his terms and now they would be punished. So he warned them and said, “ I have fulﬁlled my duty by delivering His Message to you and you are still insisting upon your misconduct. Remember my Lord has all the power to destroy you and replace you with other people.” But, his people did not listen to him.
The ’Ad people too rejected Truth: then how terrible was My Penalty and My Warning? For We sent against them a furious wind, on a Day of violent Disaster, plucking out men as if they were roots of palm-trees torn up from the ground.
(S: 54,V: 18-20)
God’s wrath appeared before them in the form of dark clouds. When they saw those clouds they jubilated thinking that it would rain and the land would be once again green as before. But it happened otherwise; the gusts of cold winds took the form of a ferocious tornado, which demolished all their lofty buildings and tore their structures as if they were made of paper and threw them into the air like the cotton balls.
`The violent whirlwinds blew extinction upon the great palaces. Roofs of the houses were ﬂying in the air; walls along with the foundations collapsed and their debris were carried into the air by the windy gusts. Blustery winds were busy in erasing all their signs. Whirlwinds picked up the bodies of those disobedient people into the air and hit them mercilessly onto the ground repeatedly, till their ﬂesh left their bones; painful agony filled them up to their bone marrows and they died a painful death. Their stout and strong bodies were crushed to pieces.
And the ‘Ad, they were destroyed by a furious Wind, exceedingly violent; He made it rage against them seven nights and eight days in succession: so that thou couldst see the (whole) people lying prostrate in its path, as they had been roots of hollow palm-trees tumbled down! Then see thou any of them left surviving?
(S: 69,V: 6-8)
And they were pursued by a Curse in this life, and on the Day of Judgment. Ah! Behold! For the 'Ad rejected their Lord and Cherisher! Ah! Behold! Removed from sight were 'Ad the people of Hud!
(S: 11,V: 60)
To the 'Ad people, We sent Hua', one of their (own) brethren: He said: O my people! Worship God, ye have no other god but Him will ye not fear God?”
The leaders of the Unbelievers among his people said. “Ah! We see thou art an imbecile!” and ”We think thou art a liar!" He said: "O my people! I am no imbecile, but (I am) an apostle from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds!“ I but fulfill towards you the duties of my Lord's mission: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser. "Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people, to warn you? Call in remembrance that He made you inheritors after the people of Noah, and gave you a stature tall among the nations. Call in remembrance the benefits ye have received from God that so ye may prosper.” They said: ”Comest thou to us, that we may worship God alone, and give up the cult of our fathers? Bring us what thou threaten us with, if so be that thou tell the truth!”
He said: ”Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute ye with me over names which ye have devised ye and your fathers, without authority from God, then wait: I am amongst you, also waiting."
We saved him and those who adhered to him. By Our mercy, and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our signs and did not believe.
(S: 7, V: 65-72)
To the ’Ad People We sent Hud, one of their own brethren. He said: "O my people! Worship God, ye have no other god but Him. Your other gods, ye do nothing but invent! 0 my people! I ask of you no reward for this Message. My reward is from none but Him who created me: Will ye not then understand? And, 0 my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance: He will send you the skies pouring abundant rain, and add strength to your strength.‘ so turn ye not back in sin!"
They said: "O Hud! No Clear Sign that hast thou brought us, and we are not the ones to desert our gods on thy word! Nor shall we believe in thee! We say nothing but that perhaps some of our gods may have seized thee with imbecility." He said: "I call God to witness, and do ye bear witness, that I am free from the sin of ascribing, to Him, Other gods as partners! So scheme your worst against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in God, my Lord and your Lora’! There is not a moving creature, but He hath grasp of its forelock. Verily, it is my Lord that is on a straight Path. If ye turn away, I at least have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people to succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. For my Lord hath care and watch over all things."
So when Our decree issued, We saved Hud and those who believed with him, by special Grace from Ourselves: We saved them from a severe penalty.
Such were the ’Ad People: they rejected the Signs of their Lord and Cherisher; disobeyed His apostles; and followed the command of every powerful, obstinate 'transgressor. And, they WW6 pursued by a Curse in this life, and on the Day of Judgment. All.’ Behold! For the ’Ad rejected their Lord and Cherisher! Ah! Behold! Removed from sight were ’Ad the people of Hud!
(S: 11,V: 50-60)
And We sent to them an apostle from among themselves saying, "Worship God, ye have no other god but Him. Will ye not fear Him?" And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved and denied the Meeting in the Hereafter, and on whom We had bestowed the good things of this life, said. "He is no more than a man like yourselves, he eats of that of which ye eat, and drinks of what ye drink. If ye obey a ma‘ like yourselves, behold, it is certain ye will be lost. Does he promise that when ye die and become dust and bones, ye shall be brought forth again? Far, very far is that which ye are promised! There is nothing but our life in this world! We shall die and we live! But we shall never be raised up again! He is only a man who invents a lie against God, but we are not the ones to believe in him!"
The prophet said: ”O my Lord! Help me.‘ for that they accuse me of falsehood.”
God said: ”In but a little while, they are sure to be sorry!” Then the Blast overtook them with justice, and We made them as rubbish of dead leaves ﬂoating on the stream of Time! So away with the people who do wrong!
(S: 23,V: 32-41)
Behold, their brother Hud said to them." ”Will ye not fear God? I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust: So fear God and obey me. No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the Worlds. Do ye build a landmark on every high place to amuse yourselves? And do ye get for yourselves ﬁne buildings in the hope of living therein for ever? And, when ye exert your strong hand, do ye do it like men of absolute power? Now fear God, and obey me. Yea, fear Him Who has bestowed on you freely all that ye know. Freely has He bestowed on you cattle and sons, and Gardens and springs. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day.”
They said: "It is the same to us whether thou admonish us or be not among our admonishers! This is no other than customary device of the ancients, and we are not the ones to receive Pains and Penalties! ”
So they rejected him, and We destroyed them. Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe. And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
(S: 26.V: 124-141)
Mention Hud one of 'Ad’s own brethren: Behold, he warned his people about the winding Sand-tracts: but there have been warners before him and after him.‘ "Worship ye none other than God. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Mighty Day. "
They said: "Hast thou come in order to turn us aside from our gods? Then bring upon us the calamity with which thou dost threaten us, thou art telling the truth?”
He said: ”The Knowledge, of when it will come, is only with God. I proclaim to you the mission on whom I have been sent: But I see that ye are a people in ignorance.
Then, when they saw the Penalty in the shape of a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys they said, "This cloud will give us rain.
”Nay, it is the Calamity, ye were asking to be hastened.’ A wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty.’ Everything will it destroy by the command of its Lord!” Then by the morning they - nothing was to be seen but the ruins of their houses! Thus do We recompense those given to sin.’ And We had firmly established them in a prosperity and power which We have not given to you and We had endowed them with faculties of hearing, seeing, heart and intellect: but of no profit to them were their faculties of hearing, sight, and heart and intellect, when they went on rejecting the Signs of God, and they were completely encircled by that which they used to mock at!
(S: 46,V: 21-26)
And in the ’Ad (people) (was another Sign): Behold. We sent against them the devastating Wind: It left nothing whatever that it Came up against, but reduced it to ruin and rottenness.
(S: 51,V: 41-42)
The ’Ad people too rejected Truth: then how terrible was My Penalty and My Warning? For We sent against them a furious wind, On a Day of violent Disaster, plucking out men as if they were roots of palm-trees torn up from the ground. Yea, how terrible was My Penalty and My Warning!
(S: 54,V: 18-21)
And the 'Ad, they were destroyed by a furious Wind, exceedingly violent; He made it rage against them seven nights and eight days in succession: so that thou couldst see the whole people lying prostrate in its path, as they had been roots of hollow palm trees tumbled down! Then see thou any of them left surviving?
(S: 69, V: 6-8)
Seest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the 'Ad people, of the city of Eram, with lofty pillars, the like of which were not produced in (all) the land?
(S: 89,V: 6-8)
Shadad had built his paradise in Hud’s times. Tremendous military power expansion of the empire and abundance of resources went into Shadad’s head and became haughty. He had a throne on whose both sides, two vultures spreading their wings, were erected. His throne was embedded with precious stones and metals.
When the news of Hud‘s preaching reached him he summoned Hud to his court and asked him in front of his courtiers that if he would embrace the belief that Hud was talking about, how would it benefit him? Hud said, “Your sins would be blotted out and God will grant you Paradise where you would enjoy His blessings.”
“How does the Paradise that you are talking about, looks like?” he wanted to know.
When Hud described the Paradise and gave him the details of its blissful atmosphere, he said, “Well we can built this Paradise with which you are tempting us, for ourselves now and here then why should we go after the one which is not certain. I do not require the Paradise of your Lord.”
And to prove what he had said, he ordered to build a grand garden with those things in it, which he had heard from Hud about Paradise using the resources that God had given him.
It is said that that garden was built between Sanaa and Hazr Mom and was spread over an area equal to a large city, which had grand buildings. Canals, gardens, springs and fountains. He named it Bram. When that ‘paradise’ completed, Shadad came to see it with all his courtiers, chiefs and captains. At that time the sky clouded and the inflicted calamity killed them all before they could enter that paradise.
According to one of the legends, Shadad prayed to God, “You know I am not a god and it only beﬁts Thou to be God, but I have claimed to be a god. You have blessed me with everything, I beseech Thee to accede to my submission and give me death, the way I suggest.” And, he suggested that he should die when he was not standing, not sitting, not riding, not under the roof, not when he was on the earth, not when he was lying... in short he mentioned every possible situation in which one can die. God acceded to his request. When he was about to enter the paradise that he had got built, the horse on which he was riding, halted and refused to enter the paradise. When every effort to control the horse failed, his courtiers suggested him to get down the steed. When he was descending, his one foot was in the griddle and the other was in the hands of his servant, Angel of Death seized his soul.
After taking away his soul, the Angel of Death submitted to God, “Lord, what if Thou had given Shadad only this much respite that he had looked at his paradise just for once?”
God asked the Angel of Death, "Do you know who he was? Look towards the earth!”
He saw that the pirates were slaying people of a ship, when (rod had told him to put an infant on a wooden board and leave it in the ocean. Then God said. “This was the Child that grew up to claim to be a god and built this paradise. We protected him, provided him resources made him a king and he, instead of ' expressing his gratitude, claimed to be a god!”
We do not have authority about the truth of this legend but it does hint God’s grace. How did an infant survive on a wooden board in the middle of an ocean how did he grew up how did he manage to become a king and how did he raised an army of men‘?
A helpless child whom God saved from every peril of the ocean and land and gave him the strength and wisdom to become a king claimed to be a god and remaining within the kingdom of God and then he rebelled against God and earned himself punishment.
Twister Tornado is a huge whirlwind or a cyclone in which winds circulate at a speed of three hundred miles per hour and it moves with a speed of up to fifty miles per hour. This is such a powerful storm that it blows away the tops of the houses and building, it is so powerful that it can even rip away the structures of concrete. Anything coming in its way is ﬂown into the air and is thrown miles away. Large animals like buffalos, cows, camels and elephants can be seen ﬂying in a tornado. Pebbles and stones circulating in a tornado with the winds are the reason of destruction for anything hit by them. Usually rains follow these stormy whirlwinds that converts the dust into mud. Sometimes they accompany thunders and lightening with them.
Force of lightening in a tornado is so severe and intense that anything hit by these lightening is smashed and crumbles to ashes. It has been estimated‘ that in a tornado this lightening ﬂashes fifty to hundred times in an hour. Most of the ﬂashes occur within the clouds and ﬂash for few seconds. Larger ﬂash lasts up to eight seconds and its thickness is of the size of a ﬁnger with miles of length. An average tornado is as powerful as ten atomic bombs could be and it contains so much electricity, which can meet the needs for one year.
One lightening flash in tornado has a current of three thousand Amperes and its flow creates heat of sixty thousand Fahrenheit degrees. With such tremendous temperature the speed of circulating winds become supersonic. On one side of the area where people of Ad inhabited, adjoins with Yemen and Hazr Moul and on its back side is the desert of Raba al Zalli. European Researchers found many meteors in this area. It is thought it was winter season when punishment of God was inflicted upon them. And, a large meteor with many small ones hit the earth near the inhabitation of Ad, which initially created an earthquake. Clouds of dust rose, people sleeping in there homes got out in the open after feeling the tremors of the quake.
When meteors enter the atmosphere of the earth, its speed under the gravitation pull of the earth, increases and, the friction resulting from its contact with air, heats it up and it starts burning. Smaller meteors burn to ashes in the air but the larger ones hit the ground with a bang while they are still burning. This collision produces tremors like earthquake. These meteor may take many days to cool off according to their size and mass. When, because of the heat of burning meteor, the air around it becomes hot and rises above, the atmosphere pressure in that area suddenly drops due to the vacuum so produces and the air from all sides rushes to fill the gap.
Since, in the case of Ad people, it had happened in the winter, therefore winds thus generated were cold. A meteor normally takes a week to cool off; therefore the winds there blew for seven days and eight nights. People of Ad were physically large, stout and strong but the ferocious wind killed them in the air and smashed them into ground and their bones scattered all over the area.
Then the Blast took-over them with justice, and We made them rubbish of dead floating on the steam of Time! So away with the people who do wrong! (S: 23, V: 41)
When we contemplate upon the attributes of God like wisdom, prudence, grace, power, authority and mercy, they become a source of insight and vision. God almighty is the Creator and Lord of the entire universe. He has established the system of life and death in such a manner that from the tiniest particle to the largest celestial body nothing can escape His control. Every existence and creature is indigent to Him. He creates and provides resources to survive.
From the very first day of one’s creation in the womb of mother till one’s birth, and after the birth in infancy, childhood, youth, old age, till death, it is he who bestows life, protects it, ignores ones flaws and weaknesses and forgives the sins. Bur first he offers them a chance to correct them and sends his tempts them with glad tidings if they would do well. But, when they exceed the limit in their transgression and do not refrain from infidelity and joining partners to him, He issues warnings of painful consequence through His messengers. And, if even then they reject to believe, He enforces His word and it is not difficult for him to erase and blot out any number of people, if they refuse to adjust themselves in His system.
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